ライティング・タスク2の採点基準

ライティング(タスク1およびタスク2)は、採点基準(バンド・ディスクリプター)内にある4つの項目でまずは別々に採点されます。次に、各項目のスコアを平均し、round down(最も近い0.5単位に切り下げ)されたものがスコアとなります。いわゆる四捨五入(rounding)ではなく、切り捨て(round down)になるので注意が必要です。

例1) TR:6, CC:6, LR:7, GR:7 → スコア:6.5
例2) TR:6, CC:7, LR:7, GR:7 → スコア:6.5
例3) TR:7, CC:7, LR:7, GR:7 → スコア:7.0

※ TR=Task Response, CC=Coherence and Cohesion, LR=Lexical Resource, GR=Grammatical Range and Accuracy

ライティング・タスク2の採点基準

※ TR=Task Response, CC=Coherence and Cohesion, LR=Lexical Resource, GR=Grammatical Range and Accuracy
Band TR CC LR GR
9 ・fully addresses all parts of the task
・presents a fully developed position in answer to the question with relevant, fully extended and well supported ideas
・uses cohesion in such a way that it attracts no attention
・skilfully manages paragraphing
・uses a wide range of vocabulary with very natural and sophisticated control of lexical features
・rare minor errors occur only as ‘slips’
・uses a wide range of structures with full flexibility and accuracy
・rare minor errors occur only as ‘slips’
8 ・sufficiently addresses all parts of the task
・presents a well-developed response to the question with relevant, extended and supported ideas
・sequences information and ideas logically
・manages all aspects of cohesion well
・uses paragraphing sufficiently and appropriately
・uses a wide range of vocabulary fluently and flexibly to convey precise meanings
・skilfully uses uncommon lexical items but there may be occasional inaccuracies in word choice and collocation
・produces rare errors in spelling and/or word formation
・uses a wide range of structures
・the majority of sentences are error-free
・makes only very occasional errors or inappropriacies
7 ・addresses all parts of the task
・presents a clear position throughout the response
・presents, extends and supports main ideas, but there may be a tendency to overgeneralise and/or supporting ideas may lack focus
・logically organises information and ideas; there is clear progression throughout
・uses a range of cohesive devices appropriately although there may be some under/overuse
・uses a sufficient range of vocabulary to allow some flexibility and precision
・uses less common lexical items with some awareness of style and collocation
・may produce occasional errors in word choice, spelling and/or word formation
・uses a variety of complex structures
・produces frequent error-free sentences
・has good control of grammar and punctuation but may make a few errors
Band TR CC LR GR
6 ・addresses all parts of the task although some parts may be more fully covered than others
・presents a relevant position although the conclusions may become unclear or repetitive
・presents relevant main ideas but some may be inadequately developed/unclear
・arranges information and ideas coherently and there is a clear overall progression
・uses cohesive devices effectively, but cohesion within and/or between sentences may be faulty or mechanical
・may not always use referencing clearly or appropriately
・uses an adequate range of vocabulary for the task
・attempts to use less common vocabulary but with some inaccuracy
・makes some errors in spelling and/or word formation, but they do not impede communication
・uses a mix of simple and complex sentence forms
・makes some errors in grammar and punctuation but they rarely reduce communication
5 ・addresses the task only partially; the format may be inappropriate in places
・expresses a position but the development is not always clear and there may be no conclusions drawn
・presents some main ideas but these are limited and not sufficiently developed; there may be irrelevant detail
・presents information with some organisation but there may be a lack of overall progression
・makes inadequate, inaccurate or over- use of cohesive devices
・may be repetitive because of lack of referencing and substitution
・uses a limited range of vocabulary, but this is minimally adequate for the task
・may make noticeable errors in spelling and/or word formation that may cause some difficulty for the reader
・uses only a limited range of structures
・attempts complex sentences but these tend to be less accurate than simple sentences
・may make frequent grammatical errors and punctuation may be faulty; errors can cause some difficulty for the reader
Band TR CC LR GR
4 ・responds to the task only in a minimal way or the answer is tangential; the format may be inappropriate
・presents a position but this is unclear
・presents some main ideas but these are difficult to identify and may be repetitive, irrelevant or not well supported
・presents information and ideas but these are not arranged coherently and there is no clear progression in the response
・uses some basic cohesive devices but these may be inaccurate or repetitive
・uses only basic vocabulary which may be used repetitively or which may be inappropriate for the task
・has limited control of word formation and/or spelling; errors may cause strain for the reader
・uses only a very limited range of structures with only rare use of subordinate clauses
・some structures are accurate but errors predominate, and punctuation is often faulty
3 ・does not adequately address any part of the task
・does not express a clear position
・presents few ideas, which are largely undeveloped or irrelevant
・does not organise ideas logically
・may use a very limited range of cohesive devices, and those used may not indicate a logical relationship between ideas
・uses only a very limited range of words and expressions with very limited control of word formation and/or spelling
・errors may severely distort the message
・attempts sentence forms but errors in grammar and punctuation predominate and distort the meaning
2 ・barely responds to the task
・does not express a position
・may attempt to present one or two ideas but there is no development
・has very little control of organisational features ・uses an extremely limited range of vocabulary
・essentially no control of word formation and/or spelling
・cannot use sentence forms except in memorised phrases
1 ・answer is completely unrelated to the task ・fails to communicate any message ・can only use a few isolated words ・cannot use sentence forms at all
0 ・does not attend
・does not attempt the task in any way
・writes a totally memorised response